Virginia State Capitol, Richmond. 1830 watercolor by William Goodacre
After the revolt in Southampton, communities and state legislatures across the South considered the implementation of new, harsher restrictions against enslaved and free African Americans. Citizens often petitioned the lawmaking bodies as they debated revisions of existing black codes. Some petitioners argued for the necessity of more stringent laws; others protested the move toward greater restrictions of free and enslaved black residents. In the months following the rebellion, revised slave codes were passed in numerous southern states, including Virginia.