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Virginia State Capitol, Richmond. 1830 watercolor by William Goodacre

Laws Passed


After the revolt in Southampton, communities and state legislatures across the South considered the implementation of new, harsher restrictions against enslaved and free African Americans. Citizens often petitioned the lawmaking bodies as they debated revisions of existing black codes. Some petitioners argued for the necessity of more stringent laws; others protested the move toward greater restrictions of free and enslaved black residents. In the months following the rebellion, revised slave codes were passed in numerous southern states, including Virginia.




Richmond Enquirer, October 7, 1831:  Patrol Law in Fauquier County

Governor John Floyd to Governor John Hamilton, November 19, 1831

Proposed Black Codes Debated, 1831-32

Laws Passed, March 5, 1832

Laws Passed, March 15, 1832

Autobiography of James L. Smith, 1881:  Forbidding religious meetings


North Carolina

An Act Concerning Slaves and Free Persons of Color, 1831-32



Alabama Laws, 1832



Richmond Enquirer, November 30, 1831:  Prohibiting introduction of slaves

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