Trial of Stephen (slave of Thomas Ridley)
September 2, 1831 - Executed
[p. 72] At a court of Oyer and Terminer summoned and held for the County of Southampton at the Courthouse on the 31st day of August 1831 for the trial of Daniel, a negro man slave the property of Richard Porter, Jack, the property of Everett Bryant, Moses, the property of Thomas Barrow, Tom, late the property of Caty Whitehead, Jack, late the property of Caty Whitehead, Andrew, late the property of Caty Whitehead, Davy, late the property of Elizabeth Turner, Stephen, the property of Thomas Ridley, and Curtis, the property of Thomas Ridley, charged with feloniously counselling, advising and conspiring with each other and divers other slaves to rebel and make insurrection and making insurrection and taking the lives of divers free white persons of the Commonwealth—
Meriwether B. Broadnax, attorney for the Commonwealth filed an information against the prisoners above mentioned and the court doth appoint William C. Parker, Esq., Att. at Law to defend the prisoners.
At a Court of Oyer and Terminer continued by adjournment and held for the County of Southampton on the first day of September 1831 for the trial of Moses a slave late the property of Thomas Barrow, Jack late the property of Caty Whitehead, Andrew late the property of Caty Whitehead, Davy late the property of Elizabeth Turner, Stephen the property of Thomas Ridley, and Jack the property of Everitt Bryant charged with having on the 22d day of August 1831 at this County/feloniously/ consulted, advised and conspired with each other and divers other slaves to rebel and make insurrection and for making insurrection and taking the lives of divers free white persons of the Commonwealth.
Present. Carr Bowers, James D. Massenburg, James W. Parker, James Trezevant and Ores A. Browne, Gent. Justices.
Jack the property of Everitt Bryant, Davy/late/ the property of Elizabeth Turner & Stephen & Curtis the property of Thomas Ridley who stand committed to the Jail of this county upon a charge of conspiring to rebel and make insurrection were this day brought into Court and for reasons appearing to the Court the trial of the said prisoners is adjourned till tomorrow. Ordered that this Court be adjourned till tomorrow morning nine o’clock.
At a Court of Oyer and Terminer continued by adjournment and held for the County of Southampton on the 2d day of September 1831 for the trial of Davy the property of Elizabeth Turner Stephen the property of Thomas Ridley Curtis the property of Thomas Ridley & Jack the property of Everitt Bryant charged with feloniously on the 22d day of August 1831 at this County consulted, advised and conspired with each other and with Divers other slaves to rebel and make insurrection and for making insurrection and taking the lives of divers free white persons of this Commonwealth.
Present Thomas Pretlow, Samuel B. Hines, James W. Parker, James Trezevant & Alexander L. Peete. Gent.
Stephen a slave the property of Thomas Ridley was then set to the bar in custody of the Jailor of the County and the Court doth assign William C. Parker Esq. Counsel for the prisoner in his defense and thereupon the prisoner was duly arraigned of the premises and pleaded not guilty to the information and
John C. Turner a witness for the Commonwealth being sworn says that at 8 or 9 o’clock Tuesday morning 23d August 1831 he met the prisoner and another near Dick Dardens mounted on mules—prisoner admitted he lived at Major Ridley’s quarter—that he was with the insurgents at that place Monday night—that he had been with the party that visited Capt Harris’ the second time—that he was on his way home—witness states that the place where he met prisoner was in the opposite direction from his home—that he the witness took them to the Cross Keys where the prisoner admitted that the leader of the insurgents told him to go to Newsoms and Allens quarter to get other negroes to join them and that he was on the way for that purpose—that the prisoner seemed to have been drinking and told the witness the insurgents gave him drink—that the prisoner and the other negroes gave them same confession—that no promises or threats were made to them. That the prisoner made no effort to escape and that if he had they could easily have been shot as witness and his party were well mounted and armed—witness asked him how he expected to get to Mr. Newsom’s prisoner answered that Nat (the head of the insurgents) told him the white people were too much alarmed to interrupt them.
Scipio a slave was sworn and charged as a witness for the prisoner—and says he was at home when the insurgents took him up. They took Stephen with them and he did not appear to go willingly—that the prisoner could not have escaped because the insurgents surrounded them.
The Court after hearing the testimony and all the circumstances of the case are unanimously of opinion that the prisoner is guilty in manner and form as in the information against him is set forth and it being demanded of the prisoner if anything for himself he had or knew to say why the Court should not proceed to pronounce judgment against him according to law and nothing being offered or alleged in delay of judgment it is considered by the Court that the prisoner be taken hence to the place from whence he came, there to be safely and securely kept until Monday the twelfth day of September instant on which day between the hours of ten o’clock in the forenoon and two o’clock in the afternoon the prisoner is to be taken by the Sheriff of the County to the usual place of execution and there be hanged by the neck until he be dead. And the Court values the said slave Stephen to the sum of four hundred and fifty dollars.
Ordered that William C. Parker be allowed the sum of twenty dollars as a fee for defending two negroes belonging to Thomas Ridley named Stephen and Curtis charged with insurrection and murder.
Court Minute Book, Southampton County, Virginia, 1830-1835:
Full Trial Transcripts
Aug. 31, 1831
Sept. 1, 1831
Sept. 2, 1831
Sept. 3, 1831
Sept. 5, 1831
Sept. 6, 1831
Sept. 7, 1831
Sept. 8, 1831
Sept. 19, 1831
Sept. 20, 1831
Sept. 21, 1831
Sept. 22, 1831
Sept. 28, 1831
Oct. 18, 1831
Nov. 5, 1831
Nov. 21, 1831